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The 6,000-Hour Learning Gap

Date Added: 

October 30, 2013

By the time they reach 6th grade, middle class kids have likely spent 6,000 more hours learning than kids born into poverty. Sounds like a big gap? In this video, check our math.

6000 HoursThe 6,000 Hour Learning Gap: Sources

The following studies describe the amount of time average students spend in enriching learning opportunities and/or the learning time access gap for low-income students.

  • Afterschool Alliance (2013), 21st century community learning centers, http://afterschoolalliance.org/21st%20CCLC%20Fact%20Sheet_08_23_2013.pdf
  • Balfanz, R. (2009) Putting Middle Grades Students on the Graduation Path. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University.
  • Barnett and Nores (2012), Estimated participation and hours in early care and education by type of arrangement and income at ages 2 to 4 in 2010 , http://nieer.org/sites/nieer/files/ECE%20Participation%20Estimations.pdf;
  • Barnett, et al., (2012), The state of pre-school 2012, http://nieer.org/sites/nieer/files/yearbook2012_executivesummary.pdf
  • Bureau of Labor Statistics, (2012), Economic news release, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/atus.t09.htm
  • Coley, R.J. (2002) An uneven start: Indicators of inequality in school readiness. Princeton: Educational Testing Service. NJ.
  • Gutiérrez , K. D., Izquierdo, C., & Kremer-Sadlik, T. (2010). Middle class working families’ beliefs and engagement in children’s extra-curricular activities: The social organization of children’s futures. The International Journal of Learning, 17(3), 633-656.
  • Hofferth and Sandberg, (2000), An uneven start: Indicators of inequality in school readiness, http://www.psc.isr.umich.edu/pubs/pdf/rr00-458.pdf
  • Institute of Museum and Library Services, (2008), Public library report, http://interconnectionsreport.org/reports/PublicLibraryReport030308.pdf
  • McLaughlin & Pitcock, (2009), http://www.wallacefoundation.org/knowledge-center/summer-and-extended-learning-time/summer-learning/Documents/Building-Quality-in-Summer-Learning-Programs.pdf
  • Meyer, D., Princiotta, D., & Lanahan, L. (2004). The Summer After Kindergarten: Children’s Activities and Library Use by Socioeconomic Status. (NCES 2004-037). Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.
  • PBS Frontline, (2012), http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/education/dropout-nation/middle-school-moment/
  • Wimer, et al. (2002), What are kids getting into these days?: Demographic differences in youth out-of school time participation, http://nces.ed.gov/surveys/pss/tables/table_2004_06.asp
  • Wimer, Christopher, Bouffard, S.M., Caronongan, P., Dearing, E., Simpkins, S., Little, P., & Weiss, H. (2006). What are kids getting into these days?: Demographic differences in youth out-of school time participation. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Family Research Project.

Resource Type: 

Policy Briefs, Videos

Comments

In India, 'Public'schools are private but bot government. They charge a lot for a child's education and lower income groups cannot afford. Government schools are plenty, absolutely free to public, the teachers are well paid; but unfortunately the standars are very very poor.
Do you have any activties in India ?. If so, what is your advice to our local governments (municipalities) ?. - Shankar Jandhyala , Irvine, CA

Any information on what is the most effective way of using this grade six opportunity to maximize learning catch up for children who have had the lower quantity or quantity of schooling, including after school programs?

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